The hottest industry talks about garbage classific

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The industry talks about waste classification: it is necessary to discuss the specific service mode according to the needs of the industry. Release date: Source: Guangming

"it will be classified into four categories: kitchen waste, recyclables, hazardous waste and other waste", "for violations of waste classification, punishment and education are combined, and a fine of more than 50 and less than 200 can be imposed"... The new version of Beijing municipal household waste management regulations (hereinafter referred to as the regulations) will be implemented from May this year. How is Beijing advancing at present? What are the views of all walks of life? Recently conducted an interview

all kinds of classification dictionaries are online

the introduction of the new version of the regulations marks that Beijing's waste classification will enter the track of legalization, normalization and systematization. It is found that at present, Beijing Dongcheng, Xicheng, Haidian, Chaoyang and other districts have issued detailed rules for the implementation of domestic waste classification

for example, Dongcheng District recently issued the action plan for domestic waste classification in Dongcheng District and the relevant implementation measures, which proposed that the waste classification and delivery modes in residential areas can be divided into fixed and mobile types; Garbage classification adheres to the principle of "separating dry and wet and recycling resources"; At least one special place or container for collecting hazardous waste shall be set up in each residential area

in addition, in order to further popularize the knowledge of domestic waste classification and facilitate residents' domestic waste classification, several convenience service applets in Beijing have been launched. Take the Tongzhou garbage sorting applet "Lu Xiaofen" as an example, residents can exchange the points exchanged for classified garbage for household goods, and can also make an appointment for the clearance of large garbage and report problems such as mixed loading and transportation of garbage; In addition, if you calculate the mold cavity according to the known plastic part size and material shrinkage, it is d=m/(1-s). In order to simplify the calculation in the mold design, the "Beijing garbage classification dictionary" applet developed by the Beijing Municipal Urban Management Committee can search the answer on the "dictionary" by inputting text, taking photos or voice queries

classification criteria have yet to be refined

the new version of the regulations takes kitchen waste as one of the key management objects, requiring to speed up the construction of centralized treatment facilities for kitchen waste and promote the process of local treatment of kitchen waste. With the gradual resumption of work and production of catering enterprises, how do they deal with waste classification

the regulation stipulates that catering operators, catering distribution service providers and hotel business units shall not actively provide disposable chopsticks, forks, spoons, toiletries, etc. to consumers, and shall set up eye-catching prompt signs. When browsing some takeout platforms, it is found that consumers can choose the number of tableware when ordering, including options such as "no tableware", "1", "2", etc. Consumers can choose the default "no tableware" when ordering, and there is no need to set it again in future ordering

however, a catering business in meituan told that if consumers did not make a choice about the tableware required by the order, they would still take the initiative to provide it to consumers depending on the number of ordered meals. "Disposable tableware is low-cost, so it's free." The businessman said that about 10% of orders would choose not to use tableware

And compared with the tensile test

offline, the regulations mentioned that catering service units should collect kitchen waste separately and entrust qualified domestic waste collection, transportation and treatment professional service units for centralized treatment. Randomly interviewed the clerk of a chain catering enterprise, the other party said that the garbage in the store would be put in three categories: recyclable, non recyclable and leftovers, which would be collected by a special company every day. Since the outbreak, garbage cans for collecting masks and gloves have also been added

however, there are also voices that some individual small catering stores do not have so many places to put different kinds of garbage cans. The classification dilemma caused by this spatial problem also reflects that for catering enterprises, more detailed and standardized implementation guidelines are needed to make enterprises prepare in advance and gradually adapt to the new regulations on garbage classification

garbage classification should be "service oriented"

Xu Yuanhong, general manager of Beijing Ai Classification Technology Co., Ltd., believes that a good garbage classification method should be simple and convenient, cost-effective, acceptable to most people, and should be "service oriented". In the future, specific service modes can be discussed according to industry needs

"domestic waste is clearly divided into four categories at present, and catering enterprises will not increase costs and difficulties as long as they pay attention not to mix food and kitchen waste." Xu Yuanhong also mentioned that the publicity of waste classification should not be limited to waste classification methods, so that everyone can understand the whole process of waste generation, delivery, transportation and terminal treatment, and better understand the significance of waste classification

he also suggested that the implementation of waste classification should also pay attention to information construction and the whole process of waste classification, so as to realize the advantages of waste reduction and resource utilization maximization. (Guangming limongzhu)

● Japan

garbage treatment in Japan is inseparable from the comprehensive and detailed implementation of classified environmental protection policies. At first, Japan was only divided into combustible and non combustible waste. With the increasing attention to reuse and the reduction of landfill space, it was subsequently divided into combustible waste, non combustible waste, resource waste and large waste. In addition, you have to pay extra for discarding large items in Japan

● Germany

as one of the countries that do the best in garbage classification and recycling in the world, Germany's garbage recycling rate is about 65%, and the packaging industry can reach more than 80%. Since the beginning of the 20th century, Germany has implemented the classified collection of urban waste. Domestic waste is generally organic waste, packaging waste, paper, glass and mixed waste. If the garbage is not discarded according to the classification, the garbage recycling enterprise will reject the garbage in the bucket

● Sweden

many residents place different garbage storage containers under the pool or drawer of the kitchen in their homes, collect glass respectively, and classify the fillers used more in plastics according to their chemical composition as follows: bottles, metals, paper, plastics, kitchen garbage, etc; Each street is equipped with large garbage cans of different classifications. Therefore, there is a garbage recycling center near each household of the press mold locking force home used to maintain polymerization reaction, which is dedicated to collecting classified garbage. Some residents' kitchen sinks are also equipped with food waste crushers, which are directly washed into underground buckets after being crushed

● New Zealand

New Zealand generally divides household garbage into kitchen waste, general household waste, plastic waste, paper waste and glass waste. There are strict requirements on details. For example, paper waste and plastic container waste need to be basically cleaned and put into recyclable garbage cans, and glass waste also needs to be cleaned and put into special garbage cans separately; The garbage can supervisor will inspect the recyclable garbage cans in advance and implement warnings, rejection, etc. according to the proportion of non recyclable garbage

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